Journal Papers

  • Bilel, A., Philen, M., and Case, S., “Progressive damage assessment of centrally notched composite specimens in fatigue,” Composites Part A, 2015 (Accepted for publication).
  • Masghouni, N., Burton, J., Philen, M., and Al-Haik, M., “Investigating the energy harvesting capabilities of a hybrid ZnO nanowires/ carbon fiber polymer composite beam,” Nanotechnology Vol. 26, No. 9, 2015.
  • Kancharala, A., Philen, M., “Enhanced hydrodynamic performance of flexible fins using macrofiber composite actuators,” Smart Materials and Structures, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 23, No. 11, 2014.
  • Kancharala, A., Philen, M., “Study of flexible fin and compliant joint stiffness on propulsive performance: theory and experiments,” Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2014.
  • Creasy, A., Freeman, E., Philen, M., Leo, D., “Deterministic Model of Biomolecular Networks with Stimuli-Responsive Properties,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2014.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., "Modeling, analysis, and experiments of inter yarn compaction effects in braided composite actuators," Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 47, No. 25, 2012.
  • Philen, M., "Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composite Semi-Active Vibration Isolation Mounts," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 353-363, 2012.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., "Pressurized Artificial Muscles," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 255-268, 2012.
  • Philen, M., Neu, W., “Hydrodynamic analysis, performance assessment, and actuator design of a flexible tail propulsor in an artificial alligator,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 20, No. 9, 2011.
  • Philen, M., “Force Tracking Control of Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composite Variable Stiffness Structures”, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 22, pp. 31-43, 2011.
  • Kim, D., Philen, M., "Guided Wave Beamsteering using MFC Phased Arrays for Structural Health Monitoring: Analysis and Experiment," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 21, pp. 1011-1024, 2010.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., Neu, W., "A biologically inspired artificial fish using flexible matrix composite actuators: analysis and experiment," Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 19, No. 9, pp. 1-11, 2010.
  • Philen, M., "On the applicability of fluidic flexible matrix composite variable impedance materials for prosthetic and orthotic devices," Journal of Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 18, pp. 1-10, 2009.
  • Shan, Y., Philen, M., Lotfi, A., Li, S., Bakis, Rahn, C. D, Wang, K. W., "Variable Stiffness Structures Utilizing Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 20, No. 4, p. 443-456, 2009.
  • Philen, M., Shan, Y., Prakash, P., Wang, K. W, Rahn, C. D., Zydney, A. L., and Bakis, C. E., "Fibrillar Network Adaptive Structure With Ion Transport Actuation for High Strain and High Blockstress Applications," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 18, No. 4, p. 323-334, 2007.
  • Shan, Y., Philen, M., Bakis, C. E., Wang, K. W, and Rahn, C. D., "Nonlinear-Elastic Finite Axisymmetric Deformation of Flexible Matrix Composite Membranes under Internal Pressure and Axial Force," Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 66, p. 3053-3063, 2006.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Active Stiffeners for Vibration Control of a Circular Plate Structure -- Analytical and Experimental Investigations," American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, Vol. 127, No. 5, p. 441-450,2005.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Active Stiffener Actuators For High-Precision Shape Control Of Circular Plate Structure," AIAA Journal, Vol. 42, No. 12, p. 2570-2578, 2004.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "On the Directional Decoupling Characteristics of Active Stiffeners for Shape Control of Two-Dimensional Structures," Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 13, p. 355-363, 2004.

Book Chapters

  • Philen, M., “Plant-Inspired Flexible Matrix Composite Actuators for Biomimetic Underwater Propulsion Systems”, Plants and Mechanical Motion— A Synthetic Approach to Nastic Materials and Structures, Editors: Dr. Janet Sater and Normal Wereley, In press.

Conference Papers

  • Doepke, E., Kim, D., Philen, M. “Design and Test of a FMC Actuated Morphing Spoiler,” AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition (SciTech), Kissimmee, FL, January 5-9, 2015.
  • Mercier, M., Shirley, C., Stafford, S., Hitzke, S., Byju, A., Kevorkian, C., Madigan, M. and Philen, M., “Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites for Volume Management in Prosthetic Sockets,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Newport, RI, September 8-10, 2014.
  • Doepke, E., West, R., Philen, M., “Design and optimization of a morphing aileron control surface using FMC actuators,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Goodman, B., Castro, R., Fu, Y., Mueller, R., Philen, M., “A robotic reproduction of the dynamic sonar sensing in Horseshoe bats,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Kancharala, A., DeWillie, K., Philen, M., “Influence of bending mode shape and trailing edge deflection on propulsive performance of flexible heaving fins using digital image correlation,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Berg, E., Darge, A.., Philen, M., “Bio-inspired flow sensors using carbon nanomaterials,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Kapania, E., Guillen, K., Freeman, E., Philen, M., “The influence of osmotic pressure on the lifespan of cellularly inspired energy-relevant materials,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Moore, D., Janneh, A., Philen, M., “Development of a biologically inspired hydrobot tail,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2014.
  • Freeman, E., Philen, M., Leo, D., “Principles of Biomolecular Network Design,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Snowbird, UT, September 16-18, 2013.
  • Kancharala, A., Philen, M., “Application of MFCs for Enhanced Performance of Flexible Heaving Fins,” 21st AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, Boston, MA, April 8-11, 2013.
  • Freeman, E., Philen, M., Leo, D., “Network modeling of membrane-based artificial cellular systems,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2013.
  • Freeman, E., Philen, M., Leo, D., “Using cellular energy conversion and storage mechanics for bio-inspired energy harvesting ,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2013.
  • Kancharala, A., Philen, M., “Active Stiffness Modulation of Fins Using Macro Fiber Composites,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-13, San Diego, CA, 2013.
  • Freeman, E., Philen, M., Leo, D., “Combined Modeling of Bilayer Networks For Sensing Applications,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Stone Mountain, GA, September 19-21, 2012.
  • Kancharala, A., Philen, M., Patil, M., “The Role of Compliant Joint and Flexibility on the Propulsive Performance of a Self Propelled Caudal Fin,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Stone Mountain, GA, September 19-21, 2012.
  • Kim, D., Capps, R., Philen, M., "Morphing Trailing Edge Control using Flexible Matrix Composite Actuators," 20th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 23-26, 2012.
  • Capps, R., Hockersmith, B., Llames, G., Kamal, R., Philen, M., "Morphing Concept for Control Surfaces using Flexible Matrix Composite Actuators," AIAA Region I-MA Student Conference, Penn State University, April 13-14, 2012.
  • Pinto, P., Sarles, S., Champion, H., Black, S., Leo, D., Dorn, H., Philen, M., “Bio-Inspired Flow Sensors Fabricated From Carbon Nanomaterials,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 18-21, 2011, Phoenix, AZ, 2011.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., “Modeling, Analysis, And Experiments of Interfiber Compaction Effects In Fmc Actuators For Bio-Inspired Applications,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 18-21, 2011, Phoenix, AZ, 2011.
  • Philen, M., “Development of multifunctional materials exhibiting distributed sensing and actuation inspired by fish,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 6-10, San Diego, CA, 2011.
  • Kim, D., Philen, M., “Damage Classification using Adaboost Machine Learning for Structural Health Monitoring,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 6-10, San Diego, CA, 2011.
  • Philen, M., “Semi-Active Vibration Isolation using Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composite Mounts: Analysis and Experiment,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Smart Structures/NDE, March 6-10, San Diego, CA, 2011.
  • Philen, M., Neu, W., “Performance Assessment and Actuator Design of a Flexible Tail Propulsor in an Artificial Alligator,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 28- October 1, Philadelphia, PA, 2010.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., “Modeling and Analysis of Interfiber Compaction Effects in FMC Actuators for Bio-Inspired Applications,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 28- October 1, Philadelphia, PA, 2010.
  • Philen, M., “Tunable Modulus Structures utilizing Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites: Analytical and Experimental Investigations,” 18th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, April 12-15, 2010.        
  • Philen, M., “Semi-Active Vibration Isolation using Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composite Mounts,” ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 21-23, 2009.
  • Zhang, Z., Philen, M., Neu, W., "Development of a Bio-Inspired Artificial Fish using Flexible Matrix Composite Actuators," ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, September 21-23, 2009.
  • Philen, M., Phillips D., Baur J., "Variable Modulus Materials based upon F2MC Reinforced Shape Memory Polymers," 17th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, May 4-7, 2009.
  • Kim, D., Philen, M., "Beamsteering of MFC Phased Arrays for Structural Health Monitoring: Analytical and Experimental Investigations," 50th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, May 4-7, 2009.
  • Philen, M., "On the Applicability of F2MC Variable Impedance Materials for Prosthetic Devices," ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, October 28-30, 2008.
  • Philen, M., "Sliding Mode Control of Variable Modulus Structures based upon Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites," 49th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, April 7-11, 2008.
  • Kim, D., Philen, M., "On the Beamsteering Characteristics of MFC Phased Arrays for Structural Health Monitoring," 49th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, April 7-11, 2008.
  • Philen, M., "Active Tuning of Variable Stiffness Structures utilizing Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites," ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE), Seattle, WA, Nov. 11-15, 2007.
  • Philen, M., Shan, Wang, K. W, Y., Bakis, C. E., and Rahn, C. D., "Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites for the Tailoring of Variable Stiffness Adaptive Structures," 54th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, April 23-26, 2007.
  • Shan, Y., Lotfi, A., Philen, M., Li S., Bakis, C.E., Rahn, C.D., Wang, K.W., " Fluidic Flexible Matrix Composites for Autonomous Structural Tailoring," 14th International Symp. on Smart Structures and Materials & Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring, SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, San Diego, CA, Mar. 18-22, 2007.
  • Philen, M., Shan, Y., Bakis, C. E., Wang, K. W, and Rahn, C. D., "Variable Stiffness Adaptive Structures utilizing Flexible Matrix Composites with Hydraulic Pressurization and Valve Control," 14th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference, May 1-4, 2006.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "On the Directional Decoupling Effect of Macro Fiber Composite Actuators for High Precision Shape Control of Optical Plate Structures", 16th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies (ICAST), Paris , France , Oct. 9-12, 2005 .
  • Philen, M., Shan, Y., Prakash, P., Wang, K. W, Rahn, C. D., Zydney, A. L., and Bakis, C. E., "Fibrillar Network Adaptive Structure With Ion Transport Actuation", 15th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies (ICAST), Atlantic Oakes By-The-Sea, Bar Harbor, Maine, Oct. 25-27, 2004.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "An Investigation into Active Stiffeners for Vibration Control of Two-Dimensional Structures", 14th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies (ICAST), Seoul National University , Korea , Oct. 7-9, 2003 .
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Analytical and Experimental Investigations of the Active Stiffener Concept for Shape Control of a Circular Plate Structure" , 44th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, AIAA Paper 2003-1636, 2003.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Directional Decoupling of Piezoelectric Sheet Actuators for Shape and Vibration Control of Plate Structures", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 5056, p 356-366, 2003.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Active Stiffeners for Shape and Vibration Control of Circular Plate Structure", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 4701, p 604-613, 2002.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Active Stiffener Concept for Shape Control of Two Dimensional Structures", American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Aerospace Division (Publication) AD, v 67, p 379-387, 2002.
  • Philen, M., and Wang, K. W., "Shape Control of Circular Plate with Piezoelectric Sheet Actuators", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4327, pp. 709-719, 2001.
  • Tang, J., Wang, K. W., and Philen, M., "Sliding Mode Control of Structural Vibrations via Active-Passive Hybrid Piezoelectric Network", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 3668, n pt 2, p 543-554, 1999.