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Diversity, equity and inclusion in Aerospace and Ocean Engineering

Members of the 3D Printed aircraft team

Our mission is to:

Since 1992, the Center for the Enhancement of Engineering Diversity (CEED) has provided encouragement and support to engineering students, focusing on the under-represented population.  AOE faculty are active in CEED summer camps and STEM initiatives such as BLAST, C-Tech² or TechGirls, and through outreach to local high schools in the area.

Learn more at the CEED website at how Virginia Tech is building diversity in Engineering.

This list was compiled by members of the AOE community.  If you have any other resources you would like to share, please submit your ideas to  

  • Dog Whistle Politics, by Ian Haney-López 
  • Waking Up White, by Debby Irving 
  • The Fire Next Time, by James Baldwin
  • My Grandmother’s Hands, by Resmaa Menakam 
  • Diversity at Work: The Practice of Inclusion, by Bernardo Ferdman 
  • Between the World and Me, Ta-Nehisi Coates 
  • Inclusion: Diversity, The New Workplace & The Will to Change, by Jennifer Brown 
  • Democracy in Black, by Eddy Glaude, Jr. 
  • White Fragility, by Robin DiAngelo Yellow: Race in America Beyond Black and White, by Frank H. Wu
  • Why are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? by Beverly Daniel Tatum 
  • White Rage, by Carol Anderson
  • How Racism Takes Place, by George Lipsitz 
  • White Like Me, by Tim Wise 
  • Evicted, by Matthew Desmond 
  • Diversity at Work: The Practice of Inclusion, by Bernardo Ferdman 
  • Whistling Vivaldi, by Claude M. Steele 
  • The Difference, by Scott Page 
  • We Can’t Talk About that at Work, by Mary-Frances Winters 
  • How to Be and Antiracist, by Ibram X. Kendi 
  • I’m Still Here: Black Dignity in a World Made for Whiteness, by Austin Channing Brown 
  • So You Want to Talk About Race, by Ijeoma Oluo 
  • Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People, by Mahzarin R Banaji 
  • Crucial Accountability: Tools for Resolving Violated Expectations, Broken Commitments, and Bad Behavior, by Kerry Patterson, Joseph Grenny, Ron McMillan, Al Switzler, David Maxfield 

Pronouns and Why They Matter

Holiday 20/'21 21/'22 22/'23
Tisha B’av – Jewish
A day of mourning and repentance in remembrance of the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem.
July 30 July 18 Aug 7
Raksha Bandhan – Hindu
Hindu festival honoring the loving ties between brothers and sisters in a family.
Aug 3 Aug 22 Aug 11
Aid al Ghadir Khumm – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the day that Prophet Muhammad Appointed his successor Imam Ali ibn Aboutaleb for the completion of the message of Islam, in his last Hajj on 18 Dhu al-Hijjah.
Aug 10    
Krishna Janmashtami – Hindu
Hindu commemoration of the birth of Krishna – the 8th incarnation of the god Vishnu who took the form of Krishna to destroy the evil king Kansa.
Aug 11 Aug 30 Aug 18
Rosh Hashanah – Jewish
Jewish New Year. Begins at sundown. A time of introspection, abstinence, prayer and penitence. The story of Abraham is read, the ram’s horn is sounded, and special foods are prepared and shared.
Sept 18 – 20 Sept 6 – 8 Sept 26 – 27
Paryushana Parva – Jain
Jain 8 day fesitval signifying human emergence into a new world of spiritual and moral refinement. Marked by recitations from Jain sacred writing and family exchange of cards and letters. Celebration of the natural qualities of the soul. The 8th day (Samvatsari) is most important and is forcused on forgiveness.
Aug 16 Sept 3 Aug 23
Waqf al Arafa – Hajj – Islam
Begins at sundown. Islamic observance day during Hajj when pilgrims pray for forgiveness and mercy.
July 30 July 19 July 9
Yom Kippur – Jewish
Begins at sundown. Jewish Day of Atonement. The holiest day of the Jewish year is observed with strict fasting and ceremonial repentance.
Sept 28 Sept 16 Oct 5
Mabon – Wicca/Pagan
Wicca observance of the autumnal equinox when day and night are of equal length. A harvest festival time.
Sept 22 Sept 22 Sept 22
Eid al Adha – Sacrifice Day – Islam
Begins at sundown. Islamic Festival of Sacrifice. The day after Arafat, the most important day in the Hajj ritual. A three-day festival recalling Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in obedience to Allah.
July 31 July 20 July 20
Sukkot – Jewish
Begins at sundown. Jewish Feast of Tabernacles which celebrates the harvest and protection of the people of Israel as they wandered in the wilderness dwelling in tents. Temporary dwelling places have leaves for a roof so the sky can be seen. In temperate climates, night is spent in the Succoth.
Oct 2 – 9 Sept 20 – Sept 27 Oct 10 – Oct 11
Arbaeen – Islam
Arbaeen Chehlum is a Shia religious observance that occurs forty days after the Imam Hussain martyrdom on the Day of Ashura when the caravan of the captives came back to Karbala for the first time.
Oct 9    
Shemini Atzeret – Jewish
Begins at sundown. Jewish completion of the annual cycle of reading of the Torah
Oct 9 Sept 27 Oct 17
Simchat Torah – Jewish
Begins at sundown. Jewish day to celebrate the reading of the law. Synagogue services involve readings, processions and blessing of the children.
Oct 10 Sept 28 Oct 18
Navaratri – Hindu
Hindu Festival of the divine mother honoring Durga, wife of Shiva, and seeking her blessings. Also observed as a celebration recalling the days of Lord Krishna.
Oct 17 Oct 6 Sept 26
Hijra – New Year – Islam
Begins at sundown. The emigration of Muhammad and his followers to Medina in 615 c.e.
Aug 21 Aug 10 July 30
Birth of the Bab – Baha’i
Begins at sundown. Baha’i honoring of the founder of the Babi religion, forerunner to Baha’u’llah and the Baha’i faith.
Oct 20 Oct 20 Oct 20
Installation of Scriptures as Guru Granth – Sikh
Sikh scriptures, the Adi Granth, are honored as perpetual Guru.
Oct 20 Oct 20 Oct 20
Dasara (Dussehra) – Hindu
Hindu celebration of victory and valor. Lord Rama is remembered as winning a victory over evil.
Oct 25 Oct 15 Oct 5
Ashura – Islam
An Islamic optional one day fast. The Shia observance is based on the martyrdom of Prophet Muhammad’s Grandson, Hussein, martyred on this date in 683/684 AD at the battle of Kerbala. Sunni observance is a recognition of Moses fasting in gratitude to Allah/God for liberation from oppression.
Aug 28 Aug 18 Aug 7
End of Safar – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the death anniversary of Prophet Muhamamd and martyrdom of Imam Hasan and Imam Reza.
Oct 17-19    
Samhain – Beltane – Pagan/Wicca
Wicca celebration of endings and beginnings and of remembering the dead. Revering of elders is also observed. Begins at sundown.
Nov 1 Nov 1 Nov 1
Veterans Day – Interfaith USA Nov 11 Nov 11 Nov 11
Diwali – Hindu – Jain – Sikh
Hindu Festival of Lights symbolizing the human urge to move toward the light. Gift exchanges, fireworks and festive meals.
Nov 14 Nov 4 Oct 24
Birth of Baha’u’llah – Baha’i
Baha’i celebration of the birth of their founder and teacher. Refrain from work. Begins at sundown.
Nov 12 Nov 12 Nov 12
New Year – Jain Nov 15 Nov 5 Oct 25
Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom – Sikh
Sikh time of remembering the execution of Tegh Bahadur by the Moghul Emperor in India.
Nov 24 Nov 24 Nov 24
Guru Nanak Dev Sahib birthday – Sikh
Sikh honoring of the birth of the first Sikh teacher who lived from 1469 – 1539 c.e. Sacred readings, prayers, hymns, meals together.
Nov 30 Nov 19 Nov 7
Day of the Covenant – Baha’i
Baha’i day of celebration of the covenant given in the last will and testament of Baha’u’llah.
Nov 26 Nov 26 Nov 26
Ascension of Abdu’l-Baha – Baha’i
Baha’i celebration of the rising of the spirit of Abdu’l-Baha to the heavenly dwelling.
Nov 28 Nov 28 Nov 28
Hanukkah – Judaism
Jewish festival of lights. It commemorates the Maccabean recapture and rededication of the Jerusalem Temple in 165-164 b.c.e. Special readings and praise songs focus on liberty and freedom. The eight candle Menorah is lighted. Begins at sundown.
Dec 10 – Dec 18 Nov 28 – Dec 6 Dec 18 – 26
Rohatsu (Bodhi Day) – Buddhist
Buddhist celebration of the enlightenment of Buddha.
Dec 8 Dec 8 Dec 8
Posadas Navidenas – Christian
Hispanic Christian feast of the Lodgings commemorating the journey of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem in preparation for the birth of Jesus.
Dec 16 – 25 Dec 16 – 25 Dec 16 – 25
Yule – Wicca/Pagan
The festival of the winter-solstice
Dec 21 Dec 21 Dec 21
Mawlid an Nabi – Islam
Islamic commemoration of the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, in about 570 c.e. The prophet’s teachings are read and religious meetings are held. Shia and Sunni on separate days. Begins at sundown.
Oct 29 Oct 19 Oct 8
Christmas – Christian
Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Observed by prayers, exchanging of gifts, and family parties.
Dec 25 Dec 25 Dec 25
Zarathosht Diso – Zoroastrian
Zoroastrian anniversary of the death of Prophet Zarathushtra.
Dec 26 Dec 26 Dec 26
Kwanzaa – Interfaith USA
Seven day spiritual celebration of African-American values and traditions and their continued vitality. “Kwanzaa” is Swahili and means “first fruits of the harvest.”
Dec 26 – Jan 1 Dec 26 – Jan 1 Dec 26 – Jan 1
Wiladat Bibi Zaynab bint Ali – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the birthday of Prophet Muhammad’s granddaughter, Bibi Zaynab, who was also representative of the captives’ caravan from Karbala to Damascus.
Some countries recognize this day as Nurse’s day.
Dec 22    
Birth of Guru Gobind Singh – Sikh
Anniversary of the birth of the tenth guru.
Jan 5 Jan 5 Jan 5
Maghi – Sikh
Commemorates the battle in which 40 Sikhs (the Immortal Ones) laid down their lives for the guru (Guru Gobind Singh).
Jan 13 Jan 13 Jan 13
World Religion Day – Baha’i
In 1950, this day was founded by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha’is of the United States to address the need for religious unity.
Jan 17 Jan 16 Jan 16
Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday Jan 18 Jan 17 Jan 17
Fatemiyeh – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the martyrdom of Prophet Muhammad’s daughter, lady Fatima.
Jan 19    
Chinese New Year – Confucian, Daoist, Buddhist Feb 12 Feb 1 Feb 1
Ash Wednesday (Lent Begins) – Christian
Begins Christian Lent; name derives from symbolic use of ashes to signify penitence.
Feb 17 Mar 2 Mar 2
Wiladat Lady Fatmia – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad’s daughter, lady Fatima. Some countries recognize this day as Mother’s Day.
Feb 5    
Nirvana Day – Buddhist
Commemorates the death of Buddha
Feb 15 Feb 15 Feb 15
Parinirvana – Buddhist Feb 15 Feb 15 Feb 15
Ayyam-i-Ha – Baha’i
This period adjusts the Baha’i year to the solar calendar. It leads to the 19 day fast; each day of Ayyam-i-Ha is marked by a different virtue like hospitality, gift giving or charity.
Feb 26 – Mar 1 Feb 26 – Mar 1 Feb 26 – Mar 1
Nineteen Day Fast Period – Baha’i
A fast to be observed by adult Baha’is in good health from sunrise to sundown.
Mar 1 – 19 Mar 1 – 19 Mar 1 – 19
Wiladat Imam Ali – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the Birthday of Imam Ali ibn Aboutaleb. Some countries consider this day as Father’s Day.
Feb 28    
Naw-Ruz – Baha’i
Nowruz – ZoroastrianThe day of the vernal equinox, which marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. It is celebrated as the beginning of New Year in Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, and by various ethno-linguistic groups across the world
Mar 20 Mar 20 Mar 20
Holi – Hindu
Spring festival; a carnival occasion featuring bright colors, pilgrimages and bonfires.
Mar 29 Mar 18 Mar 18
The Shia observance is based on the beginning of the Holy Prophet’s mission of propagating the message of Almighty Allah.
Mar 12    
Purim – Jewish
Feast of Lots; celebrates deliverance of Jews of ancient Persians froma plot to destroy them.
Feb 26 Mar 16 Mar 16
Hola Mohalla – Sikh
A day to commemorate the valor and bravery of the Sikhs. This 3-day festival consists of mock battles, music and poetry reading.
Mar 29 Mar 18  
Promised Savior Day – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the birthday of Imam Mahdi, the promised savior who is the descendant of Prophet Muhammad. The eschatological redeemer of Islam and ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imam of the Shia who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world.
Mar 29    
Good Friday – Christian
The Friday of Jesus’ crucifixion.
April 2 April 15 April 15
Easter – Christian
Celebration of the resurrection of Christ.
April 4 April 17 April 17
Baisakhi/Vaisakhi – Hindu – Sikh
Anniversary of the creation of the Khalsa (the army of the Pure Ones) in 1699.
April 14 April 14 April 14
Pesach (Passover) – Jewish
Marks the deliverance of the Jews from slavery in Egypt; “Seder” ceremonies emphasize the concept of freedom.
Mar 27 – Apr 4 April 15 – 23 April 15 – 23
Ridvan – Baha’i
Commemorates the declaration of Baha’u’llah to his followers in 1863. Work is suspended for the 1st, 9th and 12th day.
April 21 – May 2 April 21 – May 2 April 21 – May 2
Yom Ha-Sho’ah – Jewish April 8 April 27 April 27
Buddha Day (Visakaha Puja, Wesak) – Buddhist
Celebration of the birth of Buddha in Japan.
May 26 May 16  
Martyrdom of Imam Ali Ibn Aboutaleb – Islam
The Shia observance is based on the martyrdom of Imam Ali Ibn Aboutaleb, who was assassinated while he was praying at Masjid Al-Kufa on 19 Ramadan and passed away on 21st.
May 5    
Lailat al Bara-ah – Islam
Night of Forgiveness. A night of prayer to Allah for forgiveness of the dead. Preparation for Ramadan through intense prayer.
Mar 29 Mar 19  
Ascension of Baha’u’llah – Baha’i
A commemoration of the death of Baha’u’llah.
May 29 May 29 May 29
Ramadan Begins (US Date) – Islam
The ninth month in the Islamic calendar; 30 days of strict fasting from sunup to sundown in honor of the first revelations to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).
April 13 April 3 April 3
Shavuot – Jewish
Festival of Weeks; celebrates harvest of first fruits and commemorates the giving of the Torah and Commandments at Mt’ Sinai.
May 16 June 4 June 5
Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev – Sikh
Anniversary of the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev in 1606 C. E., the fifth guru who had built the Golden Temple of Amristar.
June 16 June 16 Jun 16
Juneteenth – Interfaith USA
Also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, it commemorates the announcement of the abolition of slavery.
June 19 June 19 June 19
Summer Solstice – Pagan/Wicca June 21 June 21 June 21
Lailat al-Qadr – Islam
Night of Destiny. First revelation of Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). Observed during the last ten days of Ramadan.
May 9 April 29 April 28
‘Id al-Fitr – Islam
Festival of the breaking of the fast of Ramadan.
May 14 May 3 May 3
Martyrdom of the B’ab – Baha’i
Anniversary of the martyrdom of the B’ab, the forerunner of Baha’u’llah, in 1850.
July 9 July 9 July 9
Pioneer Day – Mormon
Observance of the arrival of Brigham Young and the early settlers to Salt Lake City, Utah.
July 24 July 24 July 24